ISRAELI APARTHIED: The Future of Palestine By John J. Mearsheimer

The following is an excerpt from the The Hisham Sharabi Memorial Lecture delivered by Professor John Mearsheimer at the Palestine Center in Washington D.C. on April 29, 2010.

The Future of Palestine: Righteous Jews vs. the New Afrikaners

…There is going to be a Greater Israel between the Jordan and the Mediterranean.  In fact, I would argue that it already exists.  But who will live there and what kind of political system will it have?

It is not going to be a democratic bi-national state, at least in the near future. An overwhelming majority of Israel’s Jews have no interest in living in a state that would be dominated by the Palestinians.  And that includes young Israeli Jews, many of whom hold clearly racist views toward the Palestinians in their midst. Furthermore, few of Israel’s supporters in the United States are interested in this outcome, at least at this point in time.  Most Palestinians, of course, would accept a democratic bi-national state without hesitation if it could be achieved quickly.  But that is not going to happen, although as I will argue shortly, it is likely to come to pass down the road.

Then there is ethnic cleansing, which would certainly mean that Greater Israel would have a Jewish majority.  But that murderous strategy seems unlikely, because it would do enormous damage to Israel’s moral fabric, its relationship with Jews in the Diaspora, and to its international standing.  Israel and its supporters would be treated harshly by history, and it would poison relations with Israel’s neighbors for years to come.  No genuine friend of Israel could support this policy, which would clearly be a crime against humanity. It also seems unlikely, because most of the 5.5 million Palestinians living between the Jordan and the Mediterranean would put up fierce resistance if Israel tried to expel them from their homes.


Nevertheless, there is reason to worry that Israelis might adopt this solution as the demographic balance shifts against them and they fear for the survival of the Jewish state.
Given the right circumstances – say a war involving Israel that is accompanied by serious Palestinian unrest – Israeli leaders might conclude that they can expel massive numbers of Palestinians from Greater Israel and depend on the lobby to protect them from international criticism and especially from sanctions.

We should not underestimate Israel’s willingness to employ such a horrific strategy if the opportunity presents itself.  It is apparent from public opinion surveys and everyday discourse that many Israelis hold racist views of Palestinians and the Gaza massacre makes clear that they have few qualms about killing Palestinian civilians. It is difficult to disagree with Jimmy Carter’s comment earlier this year that “the citizens of Palestine are treated more like animals than like human beings.” A century of conflict and four decades of occupation will do that to a people.

Furthermore, a substantial number of Israeli Jews – some 40 percent or more – believe that the Arab citizens of Israel should be “encouraged” to leave by the government. Indeed, former foreign minister Tzipi Livni has said that if there is a two-state solution, she expected Israel’s Palestinian citizens to leave and settle in the new Palestinian state.  And then there is the recent military order issued by the IDF that is aimed at “preventing infiltration” into the West Bank.  In fact, it enables Israel to deport tens of thousands of Palestinians from the West Bank should it choose to do so. And, of course, the Israelis engaged in a massive cleansing of the Palestinians in 1948 and again in 1967.  Still, I do not believe Israel will resort to this horrible course of action.

The most likely outcome in the absence of a two-state solution is that Greater Israel will become a full-fledged apartheid state. As anyone who has spent time in the Occupied Territories knows, it is already an incipient apartheid state with separate laws, separate roads, and separate housing for Israelis and Palestinians, who are essentially confined to impoverished enclaves that they can leave and enter only with great difficulty.

Israelis and their American supporters invariably bristle at the comparison to white rule in South Africa, but that is their future if they create a Greater Israel while denying full political rights to an Arab population that will soon outnumber the Jewish population in the entirety of the land.  Indeed, two former Israeli prime ministers have made this very point.  Ehud Olmert, who was Netanyahu’s predecessor, said in late November 2007 that if “the two-state solution collapses,” Israel will “face a South-African-style struggle.” He went so far as to argue that, “as soon as that happens, the state of Israel is finished.” Former Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who is now Israel’s defense minister, said in early February of this year that, “As long as in this territory west of the Jordan River there is only one political entity called Israel it is going to be either non-Jewish, or non-democratic.  If this bloc of millions of Palestinians cannot vote, that will be an apartheid state.”

Other Israelis, as well as Jimmy Carter and Bishop Desmond Tutu, have warned that if Israel does not pull out of the Occupied Territories it will become an apartheid state like white-ruled South Africa.  But if I am right, the occupation is not going to end and there will not be a two-state solution.  That means Israel will complete its transformation into a full-blown apartheid state over the next decade.

In the long run, however, Israel will not be able to maintain itself as an apartheid state.  Like racist South Africa, it will eventually evolve into a democratic bi-national state whose politics will be dominated by the more numerous Palestinians.  Of course, this means that Israel faces a bleak future as a Jewish state.  Let me explain why.

For starters, the discrimination and repression that is the essence of apartheid will be increasingly visible to people all around the world.  Israel and its supporters have been able to do a good job of keeping the mainstream media in the United States from telling the truth about what Israel is doing to the Palestinians in the Occupied Territories.  But the Internet is a game changer.  It not only makes it easy for the opponents of apartheid to get the real story out to the world, but it also allows Americans to learn the story that the New York Times and the Washington Post have been hiding from them.  Over time, this situation may even force these two media institutions to cover the story more accurately themselves.

The growing visibility of this issue is not just a function of the Internet.  It is also due to the fact that the plight of the Palestinians matters greatly to people all across the Arab and Islamic world, and they constantly raise the issue with Westerners. It also matters very much to the influential human rights community, which is naturally going to be critical of Israel’s harsh treatment of the Palestinians.  It is not surprising that hardline Israelis and their American supporters are now waging a vicious smear campaign against those human rights organizations that criticize Israel.

The main problem that Israel’s defenders face, however, is that it is impossible to defend apartheid, because it is antithetical to core Western values. How does one make a moral case for apartheid, especially in the United States, where democracy is venerated and segregation and racism are routinely condemned? It is hard to imagine the United States having a special relationship with an apartheid state.  Indeed, it is hard to imagine the United States having much sympathy for one.  It is much easier to imagine the United States strongly opposing that racist state’s political system and working hard to change it. Of course, many other countries around the globe would follow suit.  This is surely why former Prime Minister Olmert said that going down the apartheid road would be suicidal for Israel.

Apartheid is not only morally reprehensible, but it also guarantees that Israel will remain a strategic liability for the United States…

I believe that most of the Jews in the great ambivalent middle will not defend apartheid Israel but will either keep quiet or side with the righteous Jews against the new Afrikaners, who will become increasingly marginalized over time.  And once that happens, the lobby will be unable to provide cover for Israel’s racist policies toward the Palestinians in the way it has in the past.

Professor Mearsheimer is the R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science and the co-director of the Program on International Security Policy at the University of Chicago.  Dr. Mearsheimer has written extensively about security issues and international politics more generally.

He has published four books: Conventional Deterrence (1983), which won the Edgar S. Furniss, Jr., Book Award; Liddell Hart and the Weight of History (1988); The Tragedy of Great Power Politics (2001), which won the Joseph Lepgold Book Prize; and The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy (with Stephen M. Walt, 2007).

Ref: Al Jazeera

ANALYS: The Dubai Hit

THE TWO classic intelligence disasters occurred during World War II. In both, the intelligence agencies either provided their political bosses with faulty assessments, or the leaders ignored their accurate assessments. As far as the results are concerned, both amount to the same.

Comrade Stalin was totally surprised by the German invasion of the Soviet Union, even though the Germans needed months to assemble their huge invasion force. President Roosevelt was totally surprised by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, even though the bulk of the Japanese Navy took part in it. The failures were so fantastic, that spy aficionados had to resort to conspiracy theories to explain them. One such theory says that Stalin deliberately ignored the warnings because he intended to surprise Hitler with an attack of his own. Another theory asserts that Roosevelt practically “invited” the Japanese to attack because he was in need of a pretext to push the US into an unpopular war.

But since then, failures continued to follow each other. All Western spy agencies were totally surprised by the Khomeini revolution in Iran, the results of which are still hitting the headlines today. All of them were totally surprised by the collapse of the Soviet Union, one of the defining events of the 20th century.  They were totally surprised by the fall of the Berlin wall. And all of them provided wrong information about Saddam Hussein’s imaginary nuclear bomb, which served as a pretext for the American invasion of Iraq.

* * *

AH, OUR people say, that’s what’s happening among the Goyim. Not here. Our intelligence community is like no other. The Jewish brain has invented the Mossad, which knows everything and is capable of everything. (Mossad – “institute” – is short for the “Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations”.)

Really? At the outbreak of the 1948 war, all the chiefs of our intelligence community unanimously advised David Ben-Gurion that the armies of the Arab states would not intervene. (Fortunately, Ben-Gurion rejected their assessment.) In May 1967, our entire intelligence community was totally surprised by the concentration of the Egyptian army in Sinai, the step that led to the Six-Day war. (Our intelligence chiefs were convinced that the bulk of the Egyptian army was busy in Yemen, where a civil war was raging.) The Egyptian-Syrian attack on Yom Kippur, 1973, completely surprised our intelligence services, even though heaps of advance warnings were available.

The intelligence agencies were totally surprised by the first intifada, and then again by the second. They were totally surprised by the Khomeini revolution, even though (or because) they were deeply imbedded in the Shah’s regime. They were totally surprised by the Hamas victory in the Palestinian elections.

The list is long and inglorious. But in one field, so they say, our Mossad performs like no other: assassinations. (Sorry, “eliminations”.)

* * *

STEVEN SPIELBERG’S movie “Munich” describes the assassination (“elimination”) of PLO officials after the massacre of the athletes at the Olympic Games. As a masterpiece of kitsch it can be compared only to the movie “Exodus”, based on Leon Uris’ kitschy book.

After the massacre (the main responsibility for which falls on the incompetent and irresponsible Bavarian police), the Mossad, on the orders of Golda Meir, killed seven PLO officials, much to the joy of the revenge-thirsty Israeli public. Almost all the victims were PLO diplomats, the civilian representatives of the organization in European capitals, who had no direct connection with violent operations. Their activities were public, they worked in regular offices and lived with their families in residential buildings. They were static targets – like the ducks in a shooting gallery.

In one of the actions – which resembled the latest affair – a Moroccan waiter was assassinated by mistake in the Norwegian town of Lillehammer. The Mossad mistook him for Ali Hassan Salameh, a senior Fatah officer who served as contact with the CIA. The Mossad agents, including a glamorous blonde (there is always a glamorous blonde) were identified, arrested and sentenced to long prison terms (but released very soon). The real Salameh was “eliminated” later on.

In 1988, five years before the Oslo agreement, Abu Jihad (Khalil al-Wazir), the No. 2 in Fatah, was assassinated in Tunis before the eyes of his wife and children. Had he not been killed, he would probably be serving today as the President of the Palestinian Authority instead of Abu Mazen (Mahmoud Abbas). He would have enjoyed the same kind of standing among his people as did Yasser Arafat – who was, most likely, killed by a poison that leaves no traces.

The fiasco that most resembles the latest action was the Mossad’s attempt on the life of Khalid Mishal, a senior Hamas leader, on orders of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu. The Mossad agents ambushed him on a main street of Amman and sprayed a nerve toxin in his ear – that was about to kill him without leaving traces. They were caught on the spot. King Hussein, the Israeli government’s main ally in the Arab world, was livid and delivered a furious ultimatum: either Israel would immediately provide the antidote to the poison and save Mishal’s life, or the Mossad agents would be hanged. Netanyahu, as usual, caved in, Mishal was saved and the Israeli government, as a bonus, released Sheik Ahmed Yassin, the main Hamas leader, from prison. He was “eliminated” by a hellfire missile later on.

* * *

DURING THE last weeks, a deluge of words has been poured on the assassination in Dubai of Mahmoud al-Mabhouh, another senior Hamas officer.

Israelis agreed from the first moment that this was a job of the Mossad. What capabilities! What talent! How did they know, long in advance, when the man would go to Dubai, what flight he would take, in what hotel he would stay! What precise planning!

The “military correspondents” and “Arab affairs correspondents” on screen were radiant. Their faces said: oh, oh, oh, if the material were not embargoed…If I could only tell you what I know…I can tell you only that the Mossad has proved again that its long arm can reach anywhere! Live in fear, oh enemies of Israel!

When the problems started to become apparent, and the photos of the assassins appeared on TV all over the world, the enthusiasm cooled, but only slightly. An old and proven Israeli method was brought into play: to take some marginal detail and discuss it passionately, ignoring the main issue. Concentrate on one particular tree and divert attention from the forest.

Really, why did the agents use the names of actual people who live in Israel and have dual nationality? Why, of all possible passports, did they use those of friendly countries? How could they be sure that the owners of these passports would not travel abroad at the critical time?

Moreover, were they not aware that Dubai was full of cameras that record every movement? Did they not foresee that the local police would produce films of the assassination in almost all its details?

But this did not arouse too much excitement in Israel. Everybody understood that the British and the Irish were obliged, pro forma, to protest, but that this was nothing but going through the motions. Behind the scenes, there are intimate connections between the Mossad and the other intelligence agencies. After some weeks, everything will be forgotten. That’s how it worked in Norway after Lillehammer, that’s how it worked in Jordan after the Mishal affair. They will protest, rebuke, and that’s that. So what is the problem?

* * *

THE PROBLEM is that the Mossad in Israel acts like an independent fiefdom that ignores the vital long-term political and strategic interests of Israel, enjoying the automatic backing of an irresponsible prime minister. It is, as the English expression goes, a “loose cannon” – the cannon of a ship of yore which has broken free of its mountings and is rolling around the deck, crushing to death any unfortunate sailor who happens to get in its way.

From the strategic point of view, the Dubai operation causes heavy damage to the government’s policy, which defines Iran’s putative nuclear bomb as an existential threat to Israel. The campaign against Iran helps it to divert the world’s attention from the ongoing occupation and settlement, and induces the US, Europe and other countries to dance to its tune.

Barack Obama is in the process of trying to set up a world-wide coalition for imposing “debilitating sanctions” on Iran. The Israeli government serves him – willingly – as a growling dog. He tells the Iranians: The Israelis are crazy. They may attack you at any moment. I am restraining them with great difficulty. But if you don’t do what I tell you, I shall let go of the leash and may Allah have mercy on your soul!

Dubai, a Gulf country facing Iran, is an important component of this coalition. It is an ally of Israel, much like Egypt and Jordan. And here comes the same Israeli government and embarrasses it, humiliates it, arousing among the Arab masses the suspicion that Dubai is collaborating with the Mossad.

In the past we have embarrassed Norway, then we infuriated Jordan, now we humiliate Dubai. Is that wise?  Ask Meir Dagan, who Netanyahu has just granted an almost unprecedented eighth year in office as chief of the Mossad.

* * *

PERHAPS THE impact of the operation on Israel standing in the world is even more significant.

Once upon a time it was possible to belittle this aspect. Let the Goyim say what they want. But since the Molten Lead operation, Israel has become more conscious of its far-reaching implications. The verdict of Judge Goldstone, the echoes of the antics of Avigdor Lieberman, the growing world-wide campaign for boycotting Israel – all these tend to suggest that Thomas Jefferson was not talking through his hat when he said that no nation can afford to ignore the opinion of mankind.

The Dubai affair is reinforcing the image of Israel as a bully state, a rogue nation that treats world public opinion with contempt, a country that conducts gang warfare, that sends mafia-like death squads abroad, a pariah nation to be avoided by right-minded people.

Was this worthwhile?

REF: Counterpunch

Uri Avnery is an Israeli writer and peace activist with Gush Shalom. He is a contributor to CounterPunch’s book The Politics of Anti-Semitism.

Number Of Iraqis Slaughtered In US War

IDF soldier shoots bound Palestinian at short range + Israeli shooter sent back to unit

“a video clip documenting a soldier firing a rubber coated steel bullet, from extremely close range, at a cuffed and blindfolded Palestinian detainee. The shooting took place in the presence of a lieutenant colonel, who was holing the Palestinian’s arm when the shot was fired.

Ref: B´Tselem

See the movie if you need yet another proof of how ethnic cleansing in it´s 60th year
looks, sounds and acts like. “Purity in slaughter”

Israel is death and an example of human recession and racisim. From day one…

:a

Israeli shooter sent back to unit

An Israeli soldier detained after being filmed opening fire at a bound and blindfolded Palestinian from close range has been released from custody.

The soldier was sent back to his unit after lawyers argued he did not pose a danger to anyone, Israeli reports said.

He was shown firing a rubber coated bullet at the detainee’s foot as other soldiers stand around watching.

The footage was taken by a Palestinian girl living nearby and released Israeli human rights campaigners.

Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak condemned the incident saying it was “grave and wrong” and that the military would exact the full extent of the law.

Human rights group B’Tselem released the footage on Sunday. The shooting happened two weeks earlier in Nilin in the West Bank, scene of frequent Palestinian anti-occupation demonstrations.

Israeli press reports say the soldier told investigators that his commander had told him to shoot the Palestinian, who has been identified as Ashraf Abu Rahma.

The Israeli army issued a statement calling the incident “grave” and in “direct contradiction” of its values.

Mr Abu Rahma was treated for a bruised toe by army medics and has not filed a complaint with the military.

Ref: BBC
Tuesday, 22 July 2008 15:58 UK

And so “ordnung” in the colonial Israeli army is restored.
By legitimizing the shooting of blindfolded palestinian.
By reproducing hatred and racism.
By making sure that the SHOAH of palestinians continue.
Welcome to just another day in IsraHELL!

: a

(one week of) Israeli Human Rights Violations

Thursday, March 22, 2001

At approximately 10:00 local time, after an exchange of fire between armed Palestinians and the Israeli occupation forces, that were razing areas of land to the west of Al-Nemsawi neighborhood in Khan Yunis, these forces started to fire artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses in the area. Such shelling and indiscriminate shooting by the Israeli forces, which lasted for approximately two hours, resulted in wounding four Palestinian civilians as follows:

1) the child Mohammed Salem El-Zeini, 14, wounded with a live bullet in the shoulder when he was passing approximately 800m away from military sites of the Israeli forces;
2) ‘Abdel-Mon’em Suleiman Abu Shoqeir, 28, wounded with shrapnel in the face and the shoulder;
3) ‘Essam Mohammed Fayyadh, 27, wounded with shrapnel in the face and the eye;
4) ‘Omar ‘Abdullah Abu Setteh, 30, wounded with shrapnel in the head and the right shoulder.
Such shelling also resulted in severe damage to a number of houses and buildings as follows:
1) An artillery shell hit the southern façade of housing unit 1 of the Austrian Housing Project, and dispersed, causing damage and breaking windows of an apartment owned by Riadh ‘Ali Abu Shammaleh.
2) An artillery shell hit the western façade of building 3 of the same housing project, causing damage and breaking windows of an apartment owned by Ahmed El-Ghemari.
3) A number of artillery shells and live bullets hit six housing units owned by Al-Farra Company from the west and the south, making holes 2-7cm in diameter and breaking a number of windows.

At approximately 20:30 local time, the Israeli occupation forces resumed shelling Al-Nemsawi neighborhood in Khan Yunis, and targeted the western area of Khan Yunis refugee camp and Al-Amal neighborhood. They fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses and civilian facilities. PCHR’s field officer in Khan Yunis reported that six military sited of the Israeli occupation forces in the vicinity of Gani Tal and Neve Dekalim settlements and Al-Tuffah roadblock, participated in such indiscriminate shelling which lasted up to 24:00 local time. Such shelling caused severe damage to a number of Palestinian houses. Furthermore, a number of Palestinian civilians were wounded as follows:

1) Sahar Mustafa Hneideq, 16, wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell in the head;
2) Khaled Hussein Abu Khoreis, 28, wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell in the head;
3) Khaled Ahmed Abu Mousa, 25, wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell in the right hand;
4) Sami Hussein Boreis, 26, wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell in the neck;
5) Wa’el Abu Hadrous, 31, wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell in the neck and the left hand;
6) Noufal Ibrahim Abu ‘Awadh, 34, wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell in the head;
7) Mahmoud Subhi ‘Amer, 24, wounded with a live bullet in the left hand.

Friday, March 23, 2001

In the morning, the Israeli occupation forces shelled Palestinian houses in Kherbet Karma in the southwest of Hebron, from their military site in Enta’eil settlement in Zhaereya village, to the southwest of Hebron. These forces fired heavy and medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses for 20 minutes, causing severe damage.

In the afternoon, the Israeli occupation forces fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at Al-Nemsawi (the Austrian) neighborhood in the east of Khan Yunis. At approximately 21:30 local time, the same neighborhood was shelled again, and Palestinian houses in the western area of Khan Yunis refugee camp was also targeted by the Israeli occupation forces. Such shelling lasted sporadically up to 3:00 local time on the following day. It resulted in severe damage to a number of Palestinian houses. Furthermore, four Palestinian civilians were wounded as follows:

1) Nayfa Mohammed Abu ‘Aker, 35, wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell in the head, when she was passing on a street in Khan Yunis refugee camp, approximately 150m away from military sites of the Israeli occupation forces;
2) Ahmed Walid El-Bashiti, 6, wounded with a live bullet in the right thigh when he was playing with other children near his family’s house in Al-Nemsawi neighborhood, approximately 200m away from military sites of the Israeli occupation forces;
3) Rami Kahlil ‘Oudeh, 22, wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell in the right hand; and
4) Ayman Sufian Al-Farra, 22, wounded with a medium caliber bullet in the left foot, when he was in the market of Khan Yunis, approximately 2km away from military sites of the Israeli occupation forces.

In his testimony to PCHR, Ayman Al-Farra said:

“On Friday, March 23, 2001, at approximately 10:30 (local time), I was in the market road, approximately 20m away from my home, watching some young men playing football. Then, I heard sounds of shooting, which we have gotten accustomed to hearing everyday. The source of shooting was military sites of the Israeli occupation forces at Al-Tuffah roadblock and in the vicinity of Neve Dekalim settlement, approximately 2km away from us. Suddenly, I heard the sound of an object that hit the ground. Then, I felt severe pain in my left foot and saw it bleeding. Young men took me to Nasser hospital in Khan Yunis by a civilian car. X-rays showed that I was wounded with a medium caliber bullet, and I had to undergo a surgical operation to extract it.”

In her testimony to PCHR, Nayfa Mohammed Hussein Abu ‘Aker said:
“At approximately 22:30 (local time), on Friday, March 23, 2001, I went from my house, in the south of Khan Yunis refugee camp, to my uncle’s house near Al-Shafi’ mosque, 30m away from my house. When I was approximately 5m away from my uncle’s house, I heard sounds of shooting from An Israeli military site near Al-Tuffah roadblock, 250m away. Suddenly, an explosion boomed. I felt pains in my head. I fell down on the ground with my head bleeding. Neighbors took me to Nasser hospital in Khan Yunis.”

In the afternoon, the Israeli occupation forces fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses and farms in Gizan Al-Najjar area in the southeast of Khan Yunis, to the north of Morag settlement. In his testimony to PCHR, Shukri Sha’ban Al-Najjar said that at approximately 16:00 local time, he was with some laborers cultivating vegetables from his greenhouse in Gizan Al-Najjar area, approximately 200m to the north of Morag settlement. Then, Al-Najjar added, two tanks and a bulldozer of the Israeli occupation forces got out of Morag settlement, and started to uproot tamarisks surrounding his tract of land, approximately 100m away from Morag settlement. Approximately 15 minutes later, the Israeli occupation forces opened fire, hitting his greenhouse, so he and laborers were forced to flee. The Israeli occupation forces continued to fire artillery shells and live bullets at Palestinian houses and farms in the area up to 22:00 local time, causing the following damage:

1) Bullets penetrated the window of a balcony of a 150-square-meter, two-story house, in which 11 people live, owned by Shukri Sha’ban Al-Najjar.
2) Bullets damaged a water saving tank and parts of the asbestos roof of a 200-square-meter, asbestos-roofed house, in which ten people live, owned by Kamel Mohammed El-Dabbas.
3) Bullets broke windows and made holes in the southern façade of a 200-square-meter, one-story house, owned by Musbah Sha’ban Al-Najjar.
4) Bullets made holes in walls and damaged a water saving tank of a 400-square-meter, one-story house, owned by Nabil Mohammed Al-Najjar.
5) Bullets made holes in walls and broke windows of a 100-square-meter, one-story house, in which four people live, owned by Sa’id Suleiman Al-Najjar.
6) Bullets made holes and broke windows of a 120-square-meter, one-story house, in which three people live, owned by Yasser Mohammed Salameh Al-Najjar.
7) Bullets made holes in walls an damaged water saving tanks of a 200-square-meter, two-story house, in which 14 people live, owned by Ahmed ‘Abdel-‘Azziz Al-Najjar.

Saturday, March 24, 2001

At approximately 10:00 local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned in the vicinity of Neve Dekalim settlement, to the west of Khan Yunis, fired heavy and medium caliber bullets at housing units owned by Al-Farra Company in Al-Nemsawi (the Austrian) neighborhood. As a result, these units received additional damage as they were frequently shelled in the past weeks. Bullets also hit the fence of Khan Yunis cemetery, to the south of Al-Nemsawi neighborhood.

At approximately 00:45 local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned in the vicinity of Neve Dekalim settlement and at Al-Tuffah roadblock, to the west of Khan Yunis, fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses in the western area of Khan Yunis refugee camp. In his testimony to PCHR, Hassan Mohammed Abu Namous said that he, his wife, and his children were awoken by sounds of explosions. Shrapnel fell onto the asbestos and tin roof of his house, which is located approximately 70m away from Al-Tuffah roadblock. He added that he and his family were forced to flee their house to the house of a relative (located approximately 150m away from the roadblock) where he stayed up to 5:00 local time. PCHR’s field officer reported that more than ten artillery shells and several heavy and medium caliber bullets were fired at the area, causing the following damage:

1) An artillery shell fell on the roof of the children bedroom and the kitchen of a 140-square-meter, asbestos and tin-roofed house, in which 12 people live, owned by Hassan Mohammed Abu Namous, damaging the roof and a water saving tank.
2) An artillery shell fell on a 140-square-meter, asbestos-roofed house, in which 21 people live, owned by Hussein Mohammed Abu Khoreis, damaging the roof.
3) Four artillery shells hit a 250-square-meter, four-story house, in which 18 people used to live, owned by Abdullah Hassan Abu ‘Obeida, causing damage to its walls. The family left the house a few months ago due to frequent shelling by the Israeli occupation forces.
4) An artillery shell hit a 130-square-meter, two-story house, in which 11 people used to live, making holes in walls. The family left the house a few months ago due to frequent shelling.
5) Two artillery shells hit a 350-square-meter, asbestos-roofed house, in which 30 people used to live, owned by Mahmoud Hassan Abu Radwan. The family left the house a few months ago due to frequent shelling.

Monday, March 26, 2001

At approximately 17:00 local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned in a settlement center, known as “Avraham Avino,” and in a military barracks in Ossam Ben Monqeth school, in the area of Hebron under the control of these forces, shelled Palestinian houses in Hebron. These forces fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at Palestinian house in Qubbat Janeb, Al-Takrouri and Abu Sneineh neighborhoods. As a result, six Palestinian civilians were wounded with, and a number of houses were severely damaged after having been hit with artillery shells and live bullets. According to eyewitnesses, Palestinian ambulances were not able to reach the targeted areas due to intense shelling. Among the wounded was a 22-year-old Reuters cameraman from Hebron, Lu’ai ‘Abdel-Salam ‘Orabi Abu Haikal, who was wounded with shrapnel in the left side, the back and the right hand, while he was in duty. The other wounded were:

1) Ibrahim Salameh Abu Sneineh, 6, wounded with shrapnel in the right hand and suffered from a nervous breakdown;
2) Khalil ‘Eissa Sa’idi, 30, wounded with shrapnel in the chest and the abdomen;
3) ‘Emad ‘Eissa El-Barad’ei, 25, wounded with shrapnel in the left eye and the forehead;
4) Fadi Khalil Abu Hadid, 25, wounded with shrapnel in the right leg; and
5) Samer Ahmed Mattar, 18, wounded with shrapnel in the right shoulder.

At approximately 21:30 local time, Israeli occupation forces positioned at an observation tower and on a tank in the vicinity of Morag settlement, opened fire at Palestinian houses and farms in Gizan Al-Najjar area in the southeast of Khan Yunis. As a result, the 11-year-old child ‘Abdel-Rahman Mohammed Al-Najjar, was wounded with shrapnel in the right hand, when he was near his family’s house. He was evacuated to Nasser hospital in Khan Yunis for treatment. The shelling also caused severe damage to a number of Palestinian houses.

At approximately 23:00 local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned in the vicinity of Neve Dekalim settlement and Al-Tuffah roadblock, to the west of Al-Amal neighborhood in Khan Yunis, shelled Palestinian houses in Khan Yunis refugee camp and in the vicinity of Al-Amal neighborhood, and housing units in Al-Newsawi (the Austrian) neighborhood. As a result, Fayez ‘Abdel-Mo’ti Abu Jaber, 22, was wounded with shrapnel of an artillery shell while he was passing near Al-Nemsawi neighborhood. He was evacuated to the hospital of the Palestine Red Crescent Society in Khan Yunis for treatment. The shelling also caused severe damage to a number of houses.

Tuesday, March 27, 2001

At approximately 20:00 local time, the Israeli occupation forces indiscriminately opened fire on Palestinian civilians and houses in Kenar neighborhood in the southwest of Hebron. As a result, the 11-year-old child Mahmoud Ismail Darawish, was killed with a live bullet in the chest that was fired by Israeli soldiers positioned in a military site at Al-Fawar-Doura junction.

At approximately 21:40 local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned in the vicinity of Kharsina settlement, to the east of Hebron, shelled Palestinian houses in Sh’aba and Nemer neighborhoods, under control by the Palestinian National Authority. These forces fired heavy and medium caliber bullets, causing severe damage to a number of houses, and electricity, telephone and water networks. Furthermore, the child Wassim Mohammed Fahmi Da’na, 10, was wounded with shrapnel in the left eye. He was evacuated to Al-Mizan hospital in Hebron for treatment.

Wednesday, March 28, 2001

In the evening, the Israeli occupation forces started to shell Palestinian cities from their military sites and using combat helicopters. This resulted in killing two Palestinians, including a 45-year-old civilian, and wounding dozens. It also caused severe damage to a number of civilian facilities and buildings of the Palestinian security services.

At approximately 19:30 local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned on ‘Eibal and Jarzim mounts, to the north and south of Nablus respectively, fired heavy and medium caliber bullets at Khellet El-‘Amoud and Iraq El-Tayeh neighborhoods and Balatta refugee camp. As a result, Farid ‘Abdel-Hamid Badran, 57, from Balatta refugee camp, was wounded with shrapnel in the head and the chest, and some houses were severely damaged.

At approximately 19:35, the Israeli occupation forces shelled a site of the Palestinian President’s Guards (Force 17) in Ramallah, killing one of its members, Akram ‘Omar Ahmed El-Hindi, 25, from Al-Zaytoun neighborhood in Gaza City, whose body completely burnt after having been directly hit with a rocket. Such shelling coincided with shelling Palestinian residential neighborhoods in Bitounia by Israeli occupation forces positioned in ‘Ofar military site, to thee south of Ramallah. Such shelling resulted in the death of Su’ad El-Sheikh Khalil, 45, after she received a heavy caliber bullet in the head, while she was driving her car towards her house in Bitounia.

At approximately 19:45 local time, combat helicopters of the Israeli occupation forces started to fire rockets at a site of the Palestinian President’s Guards (Force 17) in Al-Twam area in Jabalya in the northern area of the Gaza Strip. As a result, three members of Force 17 were wounded as follows:

1) Anwar El-Faq’awi, 25, from Khan Yunis, wounded with shrapnel throughout the body;
2) Eshteiwi El-‘Azayza, 23, wounded with shrapnel throughout the body; and
3) ‘Abdullah Zeid, 22, wounded with shrapnel throughout the body.

The shelling also resulted in severe damage to a number of nearby houses and civilian facilities as follows:
1) Twenty-one windows of a 180-square-meter, three-story house (newly established and not inhibited), owned by ‘Alla’ As’ad El-Saftawi, were broken.
2) Seven windows of a 200-square-meter, two-story house, owned by Tahsin Saleh Khalil El-Halimi, were broken.
3) Eight windows of a 200-square-meter, three-story house, in which four people live, owned by Khamis Ramadan El-Hessi, were broken and walls cracked.
4) Four windows of the second floor of a 150-square-meter, three-story house, in which 11 people live, owned by Tahsin Saleh Khalil El-Halimi, were broken.
5) Three windows of the second floor of a 370-square-meter, three-story house, in which 30 people live, owned by Tawfiq Ahmed ‘Atteya ‘Oweida, were broken.
6) Seven windows of ‘A’esha mosque, established on a 350-square-meter area, were broken.
7) Nine windows of Hijazi Medical Center of the Palestinian Ministry of Health, established on a 450-square-meter area, were broken.
The shelling coincided with similar shelling by combat helicopters of the Israeli occupation forces that targeted the headquarters of the Palestinian President’s Guards (Force 17) in Ma’n village, to the east of Khan Yunis. The building was severely damaged. In addition, nearby UNRWA clinic and Ma’n elementary school were severely damaged.

At the same time, combat helicopters of the Israeli occupation forces shelled a site of the Palestinian National Security Forces near Al-Qarara crossroads, to the north of Khan Yunis. As a result, one of the site’s members, Nour ‘Abed Abu Hattab, 24, was wounded with shrapnel in the back, and the site was severely damaged. PCHR’s field officer in Khan Yunis reported that a number of the area’s residents arrived at Nasser hospital in Khan Yunis, after they suffered from nervous breakdowns and bruises in the body. He added that a number of houses and civilian facilities near the targeted site were severely damaged as follows:

1) Windows of a 120-square-meter, two-story house, in which 25 people live, owned by ‘Abdel-Rahman Mohammed Hassan El-‘Abadleh, were broken and walls cracked.
2) Windows of a 140-square-meter, two-story house, in which 10 people live, owned by Sharif Ibrahim El-‘Abadleh, were broken.
3) Windows of a 120-square-meter, three-story house, in which three people live, owned by Ahmed ‘Abdullah Ahmed El-‘Abadleh, were broken.
4) Windows of a 100-square-meter fuel station, owned by ‘Abdel-‘Azziz Hassan Temraz, were broken.
5) Windows of a medical clinic of the Palestinian Ministry of Health were destroyed.
6) Windows of Al-Salam mosque were broken and walls cracked.

At approximately 20:00 local time, combat helicopters of the Israeli occupation forces fired rockets at a site of the Palestinian President’s Guards (Force 17) at Deir El-Balah seashore, destroying six rooms used as administrative offices.
At approximately 23:00 local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned at Al-Tuffah roadblock and in the vicinity of Neve Dekalim settlement, fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses in the west of Khan Yunis refugee camp and in Al-Nemsawi neighborhood. As a result three Palestinian civilians were wounded as follows:

1) Naji Abu ‘Awadh, 35, wounded with shrapnel in the right thigh;
2) Akmal Anu Khadra, 36, wounded with shrapnel in the right leg; and
3) Ahmed ‘Atteya Abu Sahloul, 25, wounded with shrapnel in the left foot.

3. Other Assaults and Arrests by the Israeli Occupation Forces against Palestinian Civilians

Early in the morning of Friday, March 23, 2001, an undercover unit of the Israeli occupation forces, known as Al-Mosta’reboun (Arabanizers) burst into Kherbet Al-Hejri Dora town in Hebron governate, and arrested Ibrahim Younis Mohammed Sahadid, 32, taking him to an unknown destination.

Also in the morning of the same day, the Israeli occupation forces burst into Al-Hareth secondary school in Ethna village in Hebron, and arrested the teacher, Mohammed ‘Eissa Farjallah.
Also on the same day, Israeli occupation forces, positioned at military roadblocks arrested four Palestinian civilians from Qalqilya. They are:

1) Ra’ed ‘Abdel-Fattah Daoud, 30;

2) Shadi ‘Abed El-‘Ajez, 25;

3) Hazza’ Bassam Hazza’, 21; and

4) Hussam El-Ghazzawi.

On Monday, March 26, 2001, Israeli occupation forces at Rafah Border Crossing arrested Riadh ‘Abdel-Rahim El-Maddah, 49, from Gaza City, when he was on his way to Egypt.
At approximately 13:00 local time, the Israeli occupation forces arrested two Palestinian fishermen from Al-Mawasi area in Rafah, and released them two hours later. They are: Ziad ‘Abed Meqdad, 25, and Khalil ‘Abed Meqdad, 20. They were sailing in their rubber boat at Rafah seashore, when Israeli occupation soldiers forced them to leave the sea and arrested them. The Israeli forces claimed that they exceeded the 200-meter-limit in which fishing is allowed. According the Palestinian-Israeli Interim Agreement, Palestinian fishermen are allowed to sail up to 20 miles across the sea, but Israeli does not commit to this.

4. Attacks and Shooting on Palestinian Civilians by Settlers

On Sunday, March 25, 2001, at approximately 13:00 local time, Murtada Salem Abu ‘Eisha, 76, from Hebron, received bruises and injuries throughout the body, after he was attacked by Jewish settlers. A number of Jewish settlers in settlement centers inside Hebron beat and threw stones at some Palestinian civilians in Al-Sahleh area and Al-Shallala Street in the city, and damaged goods of hawkers, under full protection by the Israeli occupation forces.
On Monday, March 26, 2001, at approximately 17:00 local time, a number of Jewish settlers from Ganim and Qadim settlements, to the east of Jenin, severely beat three Palestinian farmers from Faqou’a village with hands, feet and gun butts. As a result, the three farmers received bruises throughout the body. They were:

1) As’ad Fayez El-Khatib, 32;
2) Radwan Salah, 22; and
3) Zuhair Salah, 35.

In the evening of the same day and the morning of Tuesday, March 27, 2001, Jewish settlers attacked Palestinian houses and properties in Hebron, under full protection by the Israeli occupation forces. As a result, ‘Abdel-Salam El-Sarahneh, received bruises throughout the body while he was in the market of the city. Settlers also crashed a car of S’ada El-Sharbati, and broke windows of a number of cars and six houses.

Also on Tuesday, March 27, 2001, at approximately 13:20 local time, Jewish settlers Al-Zaytoun quarter in Hebron, and destroyed a Palestinian civilian car owned by Salah El-Zaro, a Director General at the Palestinian Ministry of Labor. On the same day, settlers attacked three Palestinian commercial stores in the market of vegetables in Hebron, destroying the doors of some and setting fire to them. They also burnt a carpentry workshop in Khan El-Kayala, owned by Qassem Abu Mayala.

On Wednesday, March 28, 2001, at approximately 2:30 local time, more than 100 Jewish settlers and units of the Israeli occupation forces burst into Al-Karantina area, and entered up to approximately 350m inside areas under the control of the Palestinian National Authority. Settlers, under full protection by the Israeli occupation forces, attacked Palestinian houses, throwing stones and incendiary materials at them, and breaking their windows with iron bars. They also attacked a number of Palestinian civilian cars in the area, and set fire to nine of them, two of which belong to Hebron Municipality. In the afternoon, Jewish settlers set fire to a part of the headquarters of the Palestinian Ministry of Religious Endowments, located near a settlement center known as “Avraham Avino,” causing severe damage to its furniture.

5. Razing of Agricultural Land

Thursday, March 22, 2001

At approximately 7:00 local time, the Israeli occupation forces started to raze areas of wooded land in Al-Mawasi area in Rafah. PCHR’s field officer in Rafah reported that such action lasted up to the evening, and affected 25 donums of governmental wooded land, to the south of the Sea road between Rafah and its Al-Mawasi area. He added that more areas are likely to be razed to pave the way for establishing greenhouses for Jewish settlers, and that the Israeli occupation forces and settlers seized approximately 10 donums of land in the area around a year ago, o which they established greenhouses.

At approximately 9:00 local time, the Israeli occupation forces resumed razing areas of agricultural land in the north of Beit Hanoun, in the north of the Gaza Strip. PCHR’s field officer in the area reported that such action included:

1) Continuing to raze a 12-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, most of which (approximately 10 donums) was razed on Tuesday, March 20, 2001, owned by Ahmed Joudeh Mohammed ‘Okasha. In addition, a 16-square-meter storing room was demolished and an irrigation network was destroyed.
2) Razing a six-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Mohammed Younis ‘Okasha. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
3) Razing a six-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Mustafa ‘Abdel-Jawad ‘Okasha. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
4) Razing a six-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Khaled ‘Okasha. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed. The Israeli occupation forces also started to raze more areas planted with citrus, owned by the same citizen.
5) Razing a three-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by ‘Abdel-Karim ‘Abdel-Jawad ‘Okasha. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
6) Razing an eight-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Mohammed ‘Abdel-Jawad ‘Okasha. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
7) Razing a seven-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by the heirs of ‘Abdel-Karim Abu ‘Oudeh. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
8) Continuing to raze a 17-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, most of which (approximately 12 donums) was razed on Tuesday, March 20, 2001, owned by Amin Mohammed Hassan Zweidi.
9) Razing an eight-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by ‘Ali Hussein Zweidi. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
10) Razing a six-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Khalil Mohammed Hassan Zweidi. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
11) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by ‘Abdel-Hamid Hussein. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
12) Razing a 4.5-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Farid ‘Abdel-‘Azziz Mohammed Zweidi. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
13) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Ahmed Hussein Zweidi. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
14) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Yazan ‘Emad Amin Zweidi.
15) Razing a six-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Rafiq ‘Abdel-‘Azziz Mohammed Zweidi. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
16) Razing a 12-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Jamil Mohammed Hassan. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
17) Razing a six-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by ‘Attallah ‘Abdel-‘Azziz Zweidi. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
18) Razing a seven-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Ibrahim Hussein Hassan Nasser. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
19) Razing a 3.5-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by the heirs of Hussein Hassan Nasser. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
20) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by Mohammed Mohammed Nasser. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
21) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by the heirs of ‘Abdel-Ghani Nasser. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
22) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by the heirs of Ahmed Hassan Nasser. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
23) Razing a four-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by ‘Attallah, ‘Ali and Holayel Nasser Nasser. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
24) Razing a three-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by ‘Abdel-Karim Mohammed Nasser. In addition, an irrigation network was destroyed.
25) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with citrus, owned by ‘Abdel-Rahman Mohammed Nasser.

Ref: The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

Final Footage Of Reuters Journalist Killed By IDF Shell

Israeli Soldiers Shoot at Palestinian Journalist
[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w3yN1Qnz3LQ&feature=related]

Beit Hanoun families flee Israeli onslaught

Gaza – Ma’an – Dozens of Palestinian families from the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Hanoun left their apartments in tower number one at the An-Nada neighborhood to tower number 25 trying to find shelter from Israeli shelling.

The coordinator of the local committee for countering Israeli attacks, Sabir Za’aneen said he saw dozens of women and children leaving their apartments and screaming as they headed towards tower number 25. He explained that they were seeking shelter after shrapnel of Israeli shells and gunshots broke the windows of their apartments.

He also claimed that the Israeli soldiers deliberately fired at water tanks on the rooftops of the buildings as well as electricity cables.

Seven people, including a mother and her four young children, were killed by Israeli fire in Beit Hanoun earlier on Monday.

Ref: Maan