Africa in 2 maps: A continent exhausted by war and famine + Renewed foreign-power rivalry

famine map

he end of the cold war raised hopes of a new era for Africa. But the Rwandan genocide and the collapse of Congo-Zaire confused the issues. The conflict zones are also areas of famine, concentrations of displaced persons and refugees, and often of malnutrition and food shortages.

See article by Philippe Leymarie, “Africa worn out by war”, April 1999.

Sources : Human Development Report, UNDP-Economica, July 1996; Ramsès, Dunod, 1994; Les réfugiés dans le monde, HCR, La Découverte, 1995; The state of food insecurity in the world, FAO, Rome, 1999; Populations en danger, Médecins sans frontières – Lepac, La Découverte, 1995 ; Le monde peut-il nourrir le monde?, Les clés de la planète, hors-série no 1 (map by Cécile Marin), Croissance, Paris, 1998.

Ref: Le MOnde

Renewed foreign-power rivalry
MAP

The situation in Africa is changing fast. France is having to face up to the rising cost of its interventions as well as their disastrous effects, especially in Rwanda. Its influence is clearly on the wane, and its European partners and the United Nations are similarly affected. But the situation is working to the advantage of the United States, eager to muscle in on the new market.

See article by Philippe Leymarie, “Washington sets out to conquer virgin territory”, March 1998.